Protecting Earth’s Bio-Diversity is essential to protect life on earth. From the smallest to the largest organism and to human beings, they all thrive through an interdependent relationship. This interdependent relationship is called Symbiosis. Creatures like snakes and lions, though seem dangerous to us, their existence is quite necessary for the existence of entire network of life. The fast growing human population in India is a matter of concern for the country and of curiosity for the world, but in terms of biodiversity India is very unique in the world. Here is a brief account of
India’s Rich Biodiversity.
India’s Rich Biodiversity : Her amazing flora and fauna
In India, there are –
About 1313 species of birds (13% of the world’s total),
About 1200 types of butterflies (6.9% of the world’s total),
About 60,000 types of insects (6% of the world’s total),
Approximately 412 species of mammals (7.6% of the world’s total),
About 620 types of reptiles (6.2% of the world’s total),
2420 varieties of fish (11% of the world’s total) and
Approximately 50,000 types of flora (12.5% of the world’s total).
Interestingly, the land area of India is just 2% of the world. No single country in the world enjoys such a vast spectrum of life forms. The vast population of these species live around the country’s villages, towns, cities, urban and rural surroundings, farms and forests; among trees and bushes; along roads and railway lines; around rivers, ponds, lakes, coastal marine areas, green covered mountains, snow-clad Himalayan slopes, swamps and desert. Apart from this, India is nicely conserving this great heritage of Bio-Diversity in her 103 National Parks, 537 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 26 Ramsar Wetlands and 18 Biosphere Reserves across its geography. All these animals and plants, together with all the elements of nature such as water, rock, air soil etc. form ecosystem or environment. Healthy environment is essential for a healthy country!
The number of organisms on the Earth should not be more or less than that is optimum for the continuity of species on the planet. Due to man-made interference caused to forests, water bodies, mountains, lakes, beaches and the pollution of air, water and soil, many of the species have disappeared from our planet. Since all forms of life are interconnected with symbiotic relation, the crisis with any organism affects the whole life system. Even the humans can’t escape this effect. Therefore, it is important for us to be aware of those life forms that we share the earth with.
So many beautiful forms of life such as Indian Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus), Red-headed Duck (Rhodonessa caryophyllacea) are now extinct in India. Great Indian Bustard, Indian Vulture, Greater Adjutant, Lesser Adjutant, Nilgiri Tahr, Snow Leopard, Red Panda and so many more are now endangered or critically endangered. Due to man’s indiscreet interference in their habitats, their number has been reduced to a dangerous point. They are on the verge of being extinct!